Maximum power point tracking in PV systems based on adaptive control and sliding mode control




Photovoltaic system, maximum power point, adaptive controller, sliding mode current controller


Photovoltaic (PV) systems are commonly controlled using PI or PID structures, which cannot ensure global stability and a constant settling time. Therefore, the optimization algorithms, e.g. Perturb and Observe (P&O), are designed using the highest settling time in the operating range, which produces a slow tracking of the maximum power point (MPP) for the largest part of the operation range, introducing dynamic power losses to the system. This paper proposes to combine an adaptive controller and a sliding mode current controller (SMCC) to guarantee global stability and a constant settling time for any operation condition, which enable to increase the generated power in comparison with PI and PID controllers. The SMCC enables to mitigate the system perturbations and guarantee global stability, while the adaptive controller defines the reference of the SMCC to ensure a constant settling time. The design of the new control structure is supported by mathematical analyses and simulations made in Matlab®, where the robustness of the system is validated.

= 98 veces | PDF
= 122 veces|


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Paula Andrea Ortiz-Valencia, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano

M.Sc. en Ingeniería. Estudiante de Doctorado, Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

Docente Asociada, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano

Luz Adriana Trejos-Grisales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

M.Sc. en Ingeniería Eléctrica. Estudiante de Doctorado, Facultad de Minas. Sede Medellín

Carlos Andrés Ramos-Paja, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Ph.D. en Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Automática y Comunicaciones.

Profesor Asociado, Facultad de Minas.  Sede Medellín.


U. Choi, K. Lee, F. Blaabjerg. Power electronics for renewable energy systems: Wind turbine and photovoltaic systems. Proceedings of the Int. Conf. Renew. Energy Res. Appl. (ICRERA). Nagasaki, Japan. 2012. pp. 1-8.

K. Ishaque, Z. Salam. “A review of maximum power point tracking techniques of PV system for uniform insolation and partial shading condition”. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. Vol. 19. 2013. pp. 475-488.

D. Sera, L. Mathe, T. Kerekes, S. Spataru, R. Teodorescu. “On the Perturb-and-Observe and Incremental Conductance MPPT Methods for PV Systems”. IEEE J. Photovoltaics. Vol. 3. 2013. pp. 1070-1078.

N. Femia, G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo, M. Vitelli. “A technique for improving P&O MPPT performances of double-stage grid-connected photovoltaic systems”. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. Vol. 56. 2009. pp. 4473- 4482.

G. Petrone, C. Ramos. “Modeling of photovoltaic fields in mismatched conditions for energy yield evaluations”. Electr. Power Syst. Res. Vol. 81. 2011. pp. 1003-1013.

E. Bianconi, J. Calvente, R. Giral, E. Mamarelis, G. Petrone, C. Ramos, G. Spagnuolo, M. Vitelli. “Perturb and Observe MPPT algorithm with a current controller based on the sliding mode”. Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. Vol. 44. 2013. pp. 346-356.

A. Trejos, D. Gonzalez, C. Ramos. “Modeling of Stepup Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems for Control Purposes”. Energies. Vol. 5. 2012. pp. 1900-1926.

J. Ma, K. Man, T. Ting, N. Zhang, S. Guan, P. Wong. “Approximate Single-Diode Photovoltaic Model for Efficient I-V Characteristics Estimation”. The Sci. World J. Vol. 2013. 2013. pp. 1-7.

N. Femia, G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo, M. Vitelli. “Optimization of Perturb and Observe Maximum Power Point Tracking Method”. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. Vol. 20. 2005. pp. 963-973.

E. Bianconi, J. Calvente, R. Giral, E. Mamarelis, G. Petrone, C. Ramos, G. Spagnuolo, M. Vitelli. “A Fast Current-Based MPPT Technique Employing Sliding Mode Control”. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. Vol. 60. 2013. pp. 1168-1178.

L. García. Sistema de Control Avanzado. 1st ed. Ed. Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid. Medellín, Colombia. 2009. pp. 87.




How to Cite

Ortiz-Valencia, P. A., Trejos-Grisales, L. A., & Ramos-Paja, C. A. (2015). Maximum power point tracking in PV systems based on adaptive control and sliding mode control. Revista Facultad De Ingeniería Universidad De Antioquia, (75), 67–79.

Most read articles by the same author(s)