A comprehensive review of the impact of transmission technologies on the electrical grid
Keywords:Smart grid, Wireless communications, Grid automation
The electrical infrastructure needs the integration of communication technologies, and in recent decades the progress has been significant. Therefore, this work presents the latest advances in this subject, as well as new functionalities.The work brings together the advances in automation, from the early stages to the present day. At the moment, the Smart Grid needs to use communication technologies to enable a response to demand, which will allow a different relationship between customer and company. The work presents the existing network architectures and communication protocols used in the Smart Grid. The document presents the challenges of electrical infrastructure, and shows the benefits and drawbacks of different communication technologies. In summary, the paper shows the parallel evolution of the communication technologies and the electrical grid, as a basic aspect for the development of new functionalities and services for all the agents involved in the power generation-transmission-distribution system.
N. Andreadou, M. Olariaga, and G. Fulli. (2016, May 17) Telecommunication technologies for smart grid projects with focus on smart metering applications. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.3390/en9050375
N. Uribe, L. Hernández, D. D. la Vega, and I. Angulo. (2016, February 29) State of the art and trends review of smart metering in electricity grids. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.3390/app6030068
J. A. Cortés and J. M. Idiago. (2018) Smart metering systems based on power line communications. [Springer Link]. [Online]. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1768-2_4
K. Sharma and L. MohanSaini. (2017, January) Power-line communications for smart grid: Progress, challenges, opportunities and status. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.09.019
L. Hernández, A. Arrinda, D. de la Vega, I. Fernández, and I. Angulo, “The impact of transmission technologies on the evolution of the electrical grid,” ICSC-CITIES 2018. Communications in Computer and Information Science, Cham, Suiza, 2019.
B. Clinton. (1996, Jul. 17) Executive order 13010-critical infrastructure protection. [Online]. Available: https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=1613
L. Lugaric, S. Krajcar, and Z. Simic, “Smart city — platform for emergent phenomena power system testbed simulator,” in 2010 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT Europe) , Oct. 2010, pp. 1–7.
T. E. D. Liacco. (2002, October) Control centers are here to stay. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1109/MCAP.2002.1046107
F. F. Wu. (1988, April) Real-time network security monitoring, assessment and optimization. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/0142-0615(88)90020-8
T. E. D. Liacco. (1994, October) Modern control centers and computer networking. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1109/67.318916
P. L. Joskow, “Restructuring, competition and regulatory reform in the u.s. electricity sector,” The Journal of Economic Perspectives , vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 119–138, 1997.
5G Infrastructure Association, “5g and energy,” 5G Infrastructure Association, Gaston Crommenlaan, Belgium, Tech. Rep. Version 1.0, Sep. 2015.
N. Uribe and etal. (2016, November 30) Study of unwanted emissions in the cenelec-a band generated by distributed energy resources and their influence over narrow band power line communications. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.3390/en9121007
I. Fernandez and et al. (2019, February) Characterization of non-intentional emissions from distributed energy resources up to 500 khz: A case study in spain. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2018.08.048
A. Sendin, I. Peña, and P. Angueira, “Strategies for power line communications smart metering network deployment,” Energies , pp. 2377–2420, 2014.
N. K. Tan, Building VPNs: With IPSec and MPLS . McGraw-Hill Networking, 2003.
Prospex Research, “Europe’s top twenty power industry players 2016e,” Prospex Research Ltd, Tech. Rep., Jun. 2016.
Investigation Results on Electromagnetic Interference in the frequency range below 150 kHz , S.R. CLC/TR 50669:2017, 2017.
Signalling on low-voltage electrical installations in the frequency range 3kHzto148,5kHz-Part1: Generalrequirements,frequencybandsand electromagnetic disturbances , CENELEC - EN 50065-1, 2011.
Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 2-3: Methods of measurement of disturbances and immunity - Radiated disturbance measurements , CISPR 16-2-3:2016, 2016.
G. López, J. Moreno, E. Sánchez, C. Martínez, and F. Martín. (2017, August 21) Noise sources, effects and countermeasures in narrowband power-line communications networks: A practical approach. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.3390/en10081238
PRIME Alliance Technical Working Group. (2012) Draft specification for powerline intelligent metering evolution. PRIME Alliance. [Online]. Available: https://www.prime-alliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/PRIME-Spec_v1.3.6.pdf
PRIME Alliance Technical Working Group. (2014) Specification for powerline intelligent metering evolution. PRIME Alliance. [Online]. Available: https://www.prime-alliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/PRIME-Spec_v1.4-20141031.pdf
L. da Rocha, L. Monteiro, M. Leme, and S. Stevan. (2018, September 11) Empirical analysis of the communication inindustrial environment based on g3-power linecommunication and influences from electrical grid. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics7090194
I. Angulo, A. Arrinda, I. Fernández, N. Uribe, I. Arechalde, and L. Hernández, “A review on measurement techniques for non-intentional emissions above 2 khz,” in 2016 IEEE International Energy Conference (ENERGYCON) , April 2016, pp. 1–5.
M. McGranaghan and F. Goodman, “Technical and system requirements for advanced distribution automation,” in CIRED 2005 - 18 th International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution , June 2005, pp. 1–5.
I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, and E.Cayirci. (2002, March 15) Wireless sensor networks: a survey. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1389-1286(01)00302-4
F.Passerini and A. M. Tonello. (2019, February 13) Smart grid monitoring using power line modems: Anomaly detection and localization. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2019.2899264
F. Covrig and et al. , “Smart grid projects outlook 2014,” Publications Office of the European Union, Tech. Rep., 2014.
B. Sörries. (2013, sep.) Communication technologies and networks for smart grid and smart metering by cdg 450 connectivity special interest group (450 sig). [Online]. Available: www.cdg.org/resources/files/white_papers/CDG450SIG_Communicatio%20_Technologies_Networks_Smart_Grid_Smart_Metering_SEPT2013.pdf
UMTS Long Term Evolution (LTE) - Technology Introduction , Rohde & Schwarz, Munich, Germany, 2012.
5GPPP, “5g vision. the 5g infrastructure public private partnership: the next generation of communication networks and services,” The European Commission, Tech. Rep., Feb. 2015.
M. Shafi and et al. (2017, April 07) 5g: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1109/JSAC.2017.2692307
How to Cite
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Antioquia is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution BY-NC-SA 4.0 license. The material published in the journal can be distributed, copied and exhibited by third parties if the respective credits are given to the journal. No commercial benefit can be obtained and derivative works must be under the same license terms as the original work.