Los modelos dimensionales de la personalidad y su importancia en la psicología de la salud

Palabras clave: personalidad, cinco grandes factores de la personalidad, rasgos de personalidad, psicología de la salud, enfermedad cardiovascular

Resumen

La psicología de la salud es un campo de aplicación de la psicología en el que el estudio de los factores de riesgo y protección de enfermedades crónicas tiene una alta importancia. En este campo los estudios señalan la importancia de la personalidad como un factor de vulnerabilidad para el desarrollo y el mal pronóstico de diferentes enfermedades crónicas. Esta revisión de la literatura presenta algunos de los modelos dimensionales de la personalidad y su relación con la salud/enfermedad, haciendo hincapié en el efecto de ciertos rasgos de personalidad en la enfermedad cardiovascular. Se discute la validez de conceptos como el de personalidad tipo d, la relación de los modelos dimensionales con los temperamentales y se enfatiza en la importancia del modelo de cinco factores, específicamente del neuroticismo y de la extraversión, como factores de alta relevancia para la psicología de la salud.

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Biografía del autor/a

Mariantonia Lemos, Universidad Eafit

Doctora en Psicología. Profesora Departamento de Psicología, Universidad eafit.

http://scienti.colciencias.gov.co:8081/cvlac/visualizador/generarCurriculoCv.do?cod_rh=0000327360

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Publicado
2021-05-24
Cómo citar
Lemos M. (2021). Los modelos dimensionales de la personalidad y su importancia en la psicología de la salud. Revista De Psicología Universidad De Antioquia, 12(2), e342593. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.rp.e342593