Crisis en los sistemas penitenciarios: derechos humanos, hacinamiento y desafíos de las políticas criminales. Una aproximación desde la producción bibliográfica

Palabras clave: política criminal, crisis carcelaria, hacinamiento carcelario, derechos humanos

Resumen

Este artículo de revisión tiene como objetivo indagar las investigaciones académicas realizadas sobre los debates alrededor de las crisis carcelarias que develan el hacinamiento y las apuestas por las reformas a las políticas criminales para atender estas situaciones. Para tal fin, se acude a una metodología cualitativa de corte documental a partir de la revisión de la base de datos Scopus. De los 393 resultados obtenidos de esa base de datos, bajo criterios de exclusión como área disciplinar, periodo de estudio y relevancia temática, finalmente se realiza el análisis de 78 documentos. El análisis se realiza en VOSviewer y permite agruparlos en tres categorías: crisis del sistema carcelario, situaciones conflictivas en las cárceles y opciones de respuesta de la política criminal. Los resultados y conclusiones se obtienen luego de un análisis de contenido que permiten advertir que existen tres debates alrededor del tema: los estudios que indican los retos que presentan los sistemas penitenciarios para la reducción del hacinamiento, aquellos que dan cuenta de las situaciones endógenas que evidencian las crisis, y finalmente, las propuestas para las reformas de las políticas criminales.

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Biografía del autor/a

William Darío Chará Ordóñez, Corporación Universitaria Autónoma del Cauca

Docente titular de la Facultad de Derecho, Ciencias Sociales y Políticas de la Corporación Universitaria Autónoma del Cauca, Colombia. Politólogo (Universidad del Cauca) y Magíster en Sociología (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales - FLACSO Ecuador). Integrante del Grupo de Investigación en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades -GISCH-. Miembro de la línea de investigación en estudios de Gobierno y Estado.

Citas

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Publicado
2020-12-15
Cómo citar
Chará OrdóñezW. D. (2020). Crisis en los sistemas penitenciarios: derechos humanos, hacinamiento y desafíos de las políticas criminales. Una aproximación desde la producción bibliográfica. Estudios De Derecho, 78(171), 119-138. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.esde.v78n171a05
Sección
Política criminal, reclusión y derechos humanos en la era del encarcelamiento