Importancia de los probióticos y prebióticos en la salud humana
Keywords:Probiòticos, Prebiòticos, Bifidobacterias, Fructooligosacàridos, Probiotics, Prebiotics, Lactobacilli, Bifidobacteria, fructooligossacharides
Los probióticos son microorganismos gram positivos, microaerófilos, fermentadores de carbohidratos, que producen especialmente ácido láctico, razón por la cual también se les considera "bacterias ácido lácticas" siendo los Lactobacilos y Bifidobacterias los de mayor importancia en la actualidad; estos microorganismos son considerados bioterapéuticos por los beneficios en la salud humana tales como: facilitar la digestión de la lactosa, proteger contra enfermedades gastrointestinales, del tracto urogenital y respiratorio, equlibrar el sistema inmunológico, prevenir y tratar enfermedades dermatológiccas y proteger contra el cáncer de colon. Para lograr estos beneficios a largo plazo, en el organismo humano, se requiere el consumo de alimentos con ingrediente prebióticos tales como cebolla, banano, avena, puerros y alcachofa porque ellos son la principal fuente de carbono para estas bacterias. El presente trabajo recopila algunas revisiones bibliográficas de investigaciones y artículos relacionados con este tema durante un período de 26 años, comprendido entre 1977 y 2003.
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