A review of the literature on the causal relationship between occlusal factors (OF) and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) IV: experimental studies of occlusal adjustment by selective grinding as a preventive or therapeutical intervention
Keywords:Occlusion, Temporomandibular disorders, Etiology, Occlusal factors, Temporomandibular joint, Experimental studies, Occlusal adjustment, Selective tooth grinding
Introduction: this is the fourth of this series of articles that have as purpose to present a literature review about the causal relationship between the occlusal factors (OF) and temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Methods: in this article, it was presented and analyzed experimental studies in which researchers used occlusal adjustment (OA) as a therapeutic means for TMD and other associated disorders. Results and conclusions: the analysis of the studies presented in this literature review shows that the actual evidence does not support the use of OA as a primary therapeutic method. This especially true when one considers the fact that it is an irreversible treatment, with secondary effects (tooth sensitivity) and that is limited to certain occlusal schemes.
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