A review of the literature on the causal relationship between occlusal factors (OF) and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) V: effect of changes in occlusal factors obtained with the orthodontic treatment

  • Rodolfo Acosta-Ortiz Medicina Dental Nova Southeastern University.
  • Blanca Patricia Rojas-Sarria Private Office
Keywords: Occlusion, Temporomandibular disorders, Etiology, Occlusal factors, Temporomandibular joint, Orthodontic treatment

Abstract

Introduction: this is the fifth of this series of articles whose purpose is to present a literature review regarding the causal relationship between occlusal factors (OF) and temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Methods: This article presents and analyzes epidemiological reports (cross-sectional and analytical) in which the relationship between orthodontic treatment (OT) and TMD was studied. Results: most of the reports (70%) did not support any association between the OT and the development of TMD. Conclusion: even though the general tendency was to present an absence of association between the OT and TMD among the different reports, perhaps in the future, an improvement in the research design will permit to obtain more concrete results that can help us arrive to a solid interpretation about the relationship between OT and TMD. Other factors, such as genetics, may play a role as confounding variables and should be studied and considered in the etiology, prevention and/or management of TMD. Beyond of the possible relationship between the OT and TMD, an important clinical recommendation is to carry out the appropriate screening for TMD in the patients who are going to receive an OT.

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Author Biographies

Rodolfo Acosta-Ortiz, Medicina Dental Nova Southeastern University.

Dentist from the Universidad de Valle, MS, Advanced Clinical Training in Temporomandibular Disorders and Orofacial Pain, Master of Science with emphasis in Epidemiology. University of Minnesota, USA, Associate Professor Department of Prosthodontics. Nova Southeastern University College of Dental Medicine. Florida, USA

Blanca Patricia Rojas-Sarria, Private Office

Dentist Universidad del Valle. Advanced Education in General Dentistry, Clinical training in Temporomandibular Joint Disorders and certificate of Specialist in Orthodontics. Eastman Dental Center of the University of Rochester, USA. Private practice in orthodontics, Pompano Beach, Florida, USA

Published
2011-07-15
How to Cite
Acosta-Ortiz R., & Rojas-Sarria B. P. (2011). A review of the literature on the causal relationship between occlusal factors (OF) and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) V: effect of changes in occlusal factors obtained with the orthodontic treatment. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 22(2), 205-226. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/odont/article/view/7123