A review of the literature on the causal relationship between occlusal factors (OFs) AND temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). VI: final conclusions

Authors

  • Rodolfo Acosta-Ortiz Nova Southeastern University

Keywords:

Occlusion, Temporomandibular disorders, Etiology, Dental occlusion, Occlusal factors, Temporomandibular joint, Occlusal adjustmnet, Orthodontic treatment, Causality

Abstract


Introduction: this is the sixth and last article of this extensive and complete literature review which purpose was to evaluate the possible causal relationship between occlusal factors (OFs) and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Methods: of all the articles found, only the analytical epidemiologic studies were included, and they were analyzed by means of the epidemiologic criteria commonly used to establish causality (cause/effect). Results: the findings suggest that, although the first criterion —strength of the associations between OFs and TMDs— existed, other criteria such as consistency with other studies, temporal sequence of events, dose-response relation and biologic credibility cannot be supported with the current available scientific information. Therefore, if there is a causal relationship, it is a weak one. Conclusion: with the scientific information available today, evidence of a causal relationship between OFs and TMDs is weak and confusing. More and better studies are needed, with improvement of research methods. This will pave the way for clearer and more concrete results that will also help to make more solid interpretations and conclusions about the possible causal relationship between OFs and TMDs.

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Author Biography

Rodolfo Acosta-Ortiz, Nova Southeastern University

OD, MS, Adjunct Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dental Medicine, Nova Southeastern University. Dentist - Universidad del Valle. Advanced Clinical Training in Temporomandibular Disorders and Orofacial Pain; MSc with emphasis in Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, USA

Published

2011-12-15

How to Cite

Acosta-Ortiz, R. (2011). A review of the literature on the causal relationship between occlusal factors (OFs) AND temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). VI: final conclusions. Revista Facultad De Odontología Universidad De Antioquia, 23(1), 126–157. Retrieved from https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/odont/article/view/7124

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