A review of the literature on the causal relationship between occlusal factors (OF) and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) III: experimental studies with artificial occlusal interferences (OI)
Keywords:Occlusion, Temporomandibular disorders, Etiology, Occlusal factors, Temporomandibular joint, Experimental studies, Occlusal interferences, Experimental interferences, Artifical interferences
Introduction: this is the third of these series of articles that have as purpose to present a literature review about the causal relationship between the occlusal factors (OF) and temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Methods: this article presents and analyzes experimental studies in which occlusal interferences (OI) were used according to parameters recommended by Mohl. Results and conclusions: the analysis reported in this article did not support any OF as causal in the development of TMD. Although there was an association of some of the OI with the development of signs and symptoms of TMD, this was, in the best of the cases, transitory. Additionally, methodological aspects such as the short follow-up time, lack of control groups in most of the studies, made the information found questionable.
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