Posibles efectos de la suplementación con HMB en la hipertrofia muscular:

revisión narrativa

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.penh.v25n1a05

Palabras clave:

músculo, fuerza, hipertrofia, suplemento dietético, sarcopenia

Resumen

Antecedentes: el beta-hidroxi-beta-metilbutirato es un metabolito natural que se forma a partir de la descomposición de la leucina (aminoácido de cadena ramificada) y cuya popularidad como suplemento ha ido aumentando en los últimos años. Varios estudios se han centrado en abordar sus efectos tanto en el rendimiento deportivo como en personas no entrenadas. Objetivo: el objetivo de esteestudio fue determinar los efectos del beta-hidroxi-beta-metilbutirato en la hipertrofia muscular desde tres enfoques de suplementación: adulto joven, adulto mayor y suplementación conjunta. Materiales y métodos: esta revisión se llevó a cabo en bases de datos como Pubmed, Springer Link y Science Direct, con el propósito de resumir e identificar los posibles efectos de esta suplementación desde el año 2012 hasta el año 2020. Resultados: en términos generales, la búsqueda arrojó en total 50 artículos, de los cuales, 31 se desarrollan en la línea de adulto joven, 10 en la línea de adulto mayor y 9 en la línea de suplementación conjunta. La primera línea fue la de mayor evidencia, y en ella se resaltan los principales hallazgos en torno al objetivo de la investigación. Conclusiones: a causa de los pocos estudios publicados en este aspecto específico (hipertrofia), concluir los efectos exactos al suplementar con beta-hidroxi-beta-metilbutirato es controversial, porque hasta la fecha se sigue discutiendo a favor de sus efectos o, por oposición, su no evidencia. La aclaración de los resultados debe ser abordada con prudencia. En los estudios abordados de los efectos, con mayor abundancia se encontró la composición corporal, la fuerza y el daño muscular, seguidos de la preservación de masa, la toxicidad, el estado hormonal y la biogénesis mitocondrial.

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Biografía del autor/a

Eliana Patricia Cuéllar Carvajal, Universidad de Cundinamarca

Nutricionista Dietista- Mg. Actividad física para la salud – Docente y líder de semillero de investigación en nutrición, fitness y deporte- Grupo de investigación Centro de Formación Deportiva, Pedagogía, administración - Programa de Ciencias del deporte y la educación física- Facultad de Ciencias del deporte y la educación física - Universidad de Cundinamarca, extensión Soacha- Cundinamarca – Colombia

Lorena Gonzalez Barbosa, Universidad de Cundinamarca

Estudiante y semillerista de investigación en nutrición, fitness y deporte - Programa Ciencias del deporte y la educación física - Facultad de Ciencias del deporte y la educación física - Universidad de Cundinamarca, extensión Soacha- Cundinamarca – Colombia

Luisa Fernanda Cubillos Yara, Universidad de Cundinamarca

Estudiante y semillerista de investigación en nutrición, fitness y deporte - Programa Ciencias del deporte y la educación física - Facultad de Ciencias del deporte y la educación física - Universidad de Cundinamarca, extensión Soacha- Cundinamarca – Colombia

Viviana Hernandez Lamprea, Universidad de Cundinamarca

Estudiante y semillerista de investigación en nutrición, fitness y deporte - Programa Ciencias del deporte y la educación física - Facultad de Ciencias del deporte y la educación física - Universidad de Cundinamarca, extensión Soacha- Cundinamarca – Colombia

Citas

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Publicado

2023-06-01

Cómo citar

Cuéllar Carvajal, E. P., Gonzalez Barbosa, L., Cubillos Yara, L. F., & Hernandez Lamprea, V. (2023). Posibles efectos de la suplementación con HMB en la hipertrofia muscular:: revisión narrativa. Perspectivas En Nutrición Humana, 25(1), 61–81. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.penh.v25n1a05

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