Políticas públicas y salud: relación entre investigación y decisión

  • Rubén D. Gómez Universidad de Antioquia
  • Deisy A. Orozco Universidad de Antioquia
  • Fabio L. Rodriguez Universidad de Antioquia
  • William Velásquez Universidad de Antioquia
Palabras clave: Políticas de salud, investigación, proceso político, servicios de salud

Resumen

Introducción: la gestión de políticas públicas y la investigación son procesos que se complementan. Las primeras deben resolver problemas concretos y las segundas deben ser orientadoras de la decisión hacia cambios sociales benéficos. Sin embargo, no existe una teorización que explique suficientemente las complejas relaciones entre investigaciones y políticas. A continuación se identifican condiciones y tendencias cuya intervención podría optimizar el desempeño de los investigadores en este campo. Objetivo: explorar la relación entre la investigación y las políticas en salud, determinando condiciones y tendencias que permitirán mejorar la intervención de los investigadores frente a las políticas en salud. Metodología: revisión bibliográfica. Resultados: diferentes modelos idealizados pretenden dar cuenta de las relaciones entre investigaciones y políticas, pero se quedan cortos al explicar por qué algunas interacciones son exitosas y otras no. Tanto la investigación como la gestión de políticas son procesos dinámicos que no ocurren siempre de igual manera y cuyos puntos de convergencia se relacionan con cinco dimensiones: el tema o asunto central al que ambas se refieren, las características personales de los investigadores y los políticos, la manera como ambos desarrollan su papel, las presiones del contexto sociopolítico sobre investigadores y políticos y el impacto potencial de los hallazgos. Conclusiones: la influencia potencial de las investigaciones sobre las decisiones políticas depende de múltiples factores, algunos de los cuales han sido identificados por la literatura y podrían ser gobernables por los investigadores. Las publicaciones sugieren que debe promoverse un mayor contacto entre los investigadores y los tomadores de decisiones.

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Biografía del autor/a

Rubén D. Gómez, Universidad de Antioquia
Profesor Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública
Deisy A. Orozco, Universidad de Antioquia
Estudiante Administración en Salud Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública
Fabio L. Rodriguez, Universidad de Antioquia
Profesor Facultad Nacional de salud pública
William Velásquez, Universidad de Antioquia
Profesor Facultad Nacional de salud pública

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Publicado
2008-10-29
Cómo citar
1.
Gómez RD, Orozco DA, Rodriguez FL, Velásquez W. Políticas públicas y salud: relación entre investigación y decisión. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública [Internet]. 29 de octubre de 2008 [citado 22 de septiembre de 2021];24(2). Disponible en: https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/fnsp/article/view/250
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Revisión sistemática