Traducción de relatos de nacimiento como contranarrativas

Palabras clave: traducción, historias del parto, perspectivas feministas sobre el parto, teoría de la narrativa, salud materna y neonatal

Resumen

Este artículo estudia las narrativas en torno al parto y su traducción desde los enfoques de la teoría narrativa, los estudios feministas y los estudios de traducción. En línea con los argumentos de que las narrativas personales pueden socavar las narrativas públicas y que una experiencia subjetiva puede ser una fuente de conocimiento legítima para cuestionar instituciones y autoridades, relatos de nacimiento se presentan aquí como ‘contranarrativas’, que cuentan historias alternativas desde una posición subordinada en la jerarquía del conocimiento. Esos relatos son ejemplos dignos de mención del conocimiento subjetivo, experiencial, visceral y feminista que pasa de una persona a la siguiente, de una generación a otra, y, en el caso de la traducción, de una lengua y una cultura a otra. Centrada en una obra clave compilada y escrita por una matrona estadounidense, Ina May’s Guide to Childbirth, y su traducción al turco, que incluye 44 historias de nacimiento, el artículo compara y contrasta los sistemas de salud materna en Estados Unidos y Turquía, las expectativas societales y el rol de los relatos de nacimiento en ambas culturas. Ubica estas narrativas personales y públicas en relación con narrativas mayores que circulan en estas culturas y discute cómo las traducciones reflejan esas metanarrativas a la vez que busca darles nueva forma.

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Biografía del autor/a

Şebnem Susam-Saraeva, Universidad de Edimburgo

Şebnem Susam-Saraeva is a Senior Lecturer in Translation Studies at the University of Edinburgh. Her research interests have included gender and translation, retranslations, translation of literary and cultural theories, among others. She is also the Chair of the ARTIS Steering Committee.

Citas

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Publicado
2020-02-26