Función de las vitaminas D, E y K en condiciones especiales

salud y enfermedad

Autores/as

  • Juan Pablo Giraldo Gallego Universidad CES
  • María Camila Arbeláez Marulanda Universidad CES
  • Faiber Alexis Jaramillo Yepes Universidad CES
  • Caterine Henao Roldán Universidad CES
  • Angélica María Muñoz Contreras Universidad CES

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.penh.v24n1a07

Palabras clave:

vitamina D, vitamina E, vitamina K, enfermedad, dosis, ingesta, huesos, cáncer, enfermedades cardiovasculares, sistema musculoesquelético

Resumen

Antecedentes: se cuenta con recomendaciones de energía y nutrientes para población sana, sin embargo, nutrientes como la vitamina D, E, K se les atribuyen funciones importantes en diferentes situaciones de salud. Objetivo: explorar la efectividad de dosis dietarias y de suplementos de las vitaminas D, E y K en condiciones especiales de salud y enfermedad. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda de documentos en las bases de datos Pubmed, Scopus, Sciencedirect, Lilacs, Scielo, Ebsco, y en textos especializados utilizando palabras claves: “vitamin D”, “vitamin E”, “vitamin K”, “health”, “disease”, “nutritional recommendations” Resultados: hay un importante número de estudios y revisiones sistemáticas que contribuyen con la evidencia y la discusión en cuanto efecto, dosis y tiempo las cuales arrojaron tanto desenlaces positivos como nulos Conclusión:  los efectos de la vitamina D dietaria en la salud ósea están bien documentados y los suplementos de la misma acompañados de calcio están indicados en grupos poblaciones con riesgo de osteoporosis, pero no en otras condiciones clínicas. No hay suficiente evidencia sobre los beneficios de la vitamina E en el manejo o prevención de enfermedad hepática, cardiovascular o cáncer. La vitamina K podría ser importante en la salud ósea, sobre otras condiciones clínicas.

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Biografía del autor/a

Juan Pablo Giraldo Gallego, Universidad CES

Estudiante del último semestre de pregrado Nutrición y Dietética.

María Camila Arbeláez Marulanda, Universidad CES

Estudiante del último semestre de pregrado Nutrición y Dietética.

Faiber Alexis Jaramillo Yepes, Universidad CES

Phd. Ciencias Farmacéuticas y Alimentarias. Docente de la Facultad Ciencias de la Nutrición y los Alimentos.

Caterine Henao Roldán, Universidad CES

Mg. Nutrición infantil. Docente de la Facultad Ciencias de la Nutrición y los Alimentos.

Angélica María Muñoz Contreras, Universidad CES

Phd. Ciencias Básicas Biomédicas. Docente de la Facultad Ciencias de la Nutrición y los Alimentos.

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2022-02-11

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Giraldo Gallego, J. P., Arbeláez Marulanda, M. C., Jaramillo Yepes, F. A., Henao Roldán, C., & Muñoz Contreras, A. M. (2022). Función de las vitaminas D, E y K en condiciones especiales: salud y enfermedad. Perspectivas En Nutrición Humana, 24(1), 103–124. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.penh.v24n1a07

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