Prevalencia de algunos componentes del síndrome metabólico en escolares y adolescentes con sobrepeso y obesidad. Hallazgos del estudio de factores de riesgo para enfermedad cardiovascular en escolares y adolescentes

Autores/as

  • Rosmery Arias A. Universidad de Antioquia
  • Gloria María Agudelo Ochoa Universidad de Antioquia

Palabras clave:

síndrome metabólico, escolares, adolescentes, sobrepeso, obesidad

Resumen


El aumento en la prevalencia del sobrepeso y obesidad en escolares y adolescentes aumenta el riesgo de síndrome metabólico. Objetivo: describir la prevalencia de algunos componentes del síndrome metabólico en escolares y adolescentes con sobrepeso y obesidad comparados con un grupo control. Metodología: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal derivado del estudio “Factores de riesgo car­diovascular en escolares y adolescentes de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, 2003”. Se consideraron componentes del síndrome metabólico triglicéridos ≥110 mg/dL, cHDL ≤40 mg/dL, glucosa en ayunas ≥100 mg/dL, presión arterial mm Hg ≥ percentil 90. Resultados: muestra final 121 obesos, 240 con sobrepeso y 361 controles. De los componentes evaluados, los triglicéridos y la presión arterial sistólica y diastólica fueron significativamente menores en el grupo control, en quienes el cHDL fue significativamente mayor. Las prevalencias de la presencia de uno o más de los componentes de síndrome metabólico mostró una tendencia positiva con el índice de masa corporal, de tal forma que los escolares y adolescentes con obesidad mostraron la mayor prevalencia en la presencia de tres o más componentes del síndrome Conclusión: el sobrepeso y la obesidad se asocian con una mayor prevalencia del síndrome metabólico. Sin embargo, los escolares y adolescentes con un índice de masa corporal normal presentan tanto factores de riesgo como alteración en algunos componentes del síndrome metabólico que los hacen igualmente susceptibles a su desarrollo.

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Biografía del autor/a

Rosmery Arias A., Universidad de Antioquia

Bacterióloga, Magíster en Problemas Sociales. Profesora Escuela de Microbiología. Universidad de Antioquia.

Gloria María Agudelo Ochoa, Universidad de Antioquia

Nutricionista Dietista, Magíster en Nutrición Clínica. Profesora Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética. Grupo de Investigación en Alimentación y Nutrición Humana. Universidad de Antioquia.

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Tucker LA, Fridman GM. Television viewing and obesity in adult males. Am J Public Health. 1989;79:516–8.

Tucker LA, Bagwell M. Television viewing and obesity in adult females. Am J Public Health. 1991;81:908–11.

OMS. Informe sobre la salud en el mundo 2002: reducir los riesgos y promover una vida sana. Ginebra; 2002.

Kavey RE. Daniela SR, Lauer RM. American Hearth Association guidelines for primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease beginning in childhood. Circulation. 2003;107:1562-6.

Halley E, Borges G, Talavera J, Orozco R, Vargas C, Huitrón G, et al. Body mass index and prevalence of metabolic syndrome among children and adolescents in two Mexicans populations. J Adolesc Health. 2007;40:521-6.

Agirbasli M, Fakir S, Ozme S, Ciliv G. Metabolic syndrome in Turhish children and adolescents. Metabol Clin Exper. 2006;55:1002-6.

Rodriguez M, Salazar B, Violante R, Guerrero F. Metabolic syndrome among children and adolescents aged 10-18 years. Diabetes Care. 2004:27:2516-7.

Merino M, Reiff A, Moura A, Valeria G. Insulin resistance in Brazilian adolescent girls: association with overweight and metabolic disorder. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006;74:183-8.

Mikkola I, Keinanen S, Laakso M, Jokelainen J, Harkonen P, Meyer-Rochow V, et al. Metabolic syndrome in connection with IBM in young Finnish male adults. Diab Res Clin Pract. 2006.doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2006.09.019.

Perichart O, Balas M, Schiffman E, Barbato A, Vadillo F. Obesity increases metabolit syndrome risk factors in school-aged children from an urban school in Mexico. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107:81.https://www.betternutrition.com. [Fecha de acceso: septiembre 15 de 2005].

González A. Consenso mexicano sobre el tratamiento integral del síndrome metabólico. Rev Mex Cardiol. 2002;13:4-30.

Li Ch, Lin J, Lee S, Tseng R. Associations between the metabolic syndrome and its components, watching television and physical activity. Public Health. 007;121:83-91.

Tucker LA, Fridman GM. Television viewing and obesity in adult males. Am J Public Health. 1989;79:516–8.

Tucker LA, Bagwell M. Television viewing and obesity in adult females. Am J Public Health. 1991;81:908–11.

OMS. Informe sobre la salud en el mundo 2002: reducir los riesgos y promover una vida sana. Ginebra; 2002.

Kavey RE. Daniela SR, Lauer RM. American Hearth Association guidelines for primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease beginning in childhood. Circulation. 2003;107:1562-6.

Halley E, Borges G, Talavera J, Orozco R, Vargas C, Huitrón G, et al. Body mass index and prevalence of metabolic syndrome among children and adolescents in two Mexicans populations. J Adolesc Health. 2007;40:521-6.

Agirbasli M, Fakir S, Ozme S, Ciliv G. Metabolic syndrome in Turhish children and adolescents. Metabol Clin Exper. 2006;55:1002-6.

Rodriguez M, Salazar B, Violante R, Guerrero F. Metabolic syndrome among children and adolescents aged 10-18 years. Diabetes Care. 2004:27:2516-7.

Merino M, Reiff A, Moura A, Valeria G. Insulin resistance in Brazilian adolescent girls: association with overweight and metabolic disorder. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006;74:183-8.

Mikkola I, Keinanen S, Laakso M, Jokelainen J, Harkonen P, Meyer-Rochow V, et al. Metabolic syndrome in connection with IBM in young Finnish male adults. Diab Res Clin Pract. 2006.doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2006.09.019.

Perichart O, Balas M, Schiffman E, Barbato A, Vadillo F. Obesity increases metabolit syndrome risk factors in school-aged children from an urban school in Mexico. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107:81.

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Publicado

2011-04-24

Cómo citar

Arias A., R., & Agudelo Ochoa, G. M. (2011). Prevalencia de algunos componentes del síndrome metabólico en escolares y adolescentes con sobrepeso y obesidad. Hallazgos del estudio de factores de riesgo para enfermedad cardiovascular en escolares y adolescentes. Perspectivas En Nutrición Humana, 9(1), 11–22. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.udea.edu.co/index.php/nutricion/article/view/9339

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