Modality and Code Glosses to Transition from Academic Written to Oral Discourses


  • Ricardo Nausa Universidad de los Andes



academic discourse, English for academic purposes, oral presentations, essays, code glosses, modality


This article presents the results of a pilot study carried out in an English for Academic Purposes (EAP) class for PhD programs at a private university in Bogotá. The study sought to identify the mechanisms to change the content of academic essays to present them in oral presentations (OPs) to a multidisciplinary audience, and how such mechanisms mark differences of performance in the OPs. To identify the mechanisms of transition from written to oral mode, a discourse analysis comparison of eight parallel pairs of texts was performed. Changes to the expression of modality and the inclusion of code glosses were the mechanisms used to make the transition. These mechanisms helped students express contents in engaging and easy-to-process ways. The analysis of mechanisms includes the linguistic resources to modify sentences, their pragmatic appropriateness, and their grammatical correctness. This paper ends outlining some implications and limitations, and perspectives for future research.

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Author Biography

Ricardo Nausa, Universidad de los Andes

Ricardo A. Nausa T. holds a bachelor's degree in Philology and Language from Universidad Nacional de Colombia and a Master's degree in Applied Linguistics to TEFL from Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas. He is currently a PhD student in the program of Applied Linguistics and English Language in the University of Birmingham. He is also a professor in the IPD (inglés para doctorados) program at Universidad de los Andes. His research interests include academic writing and oral presentations, discourse analysis, conversation analysis, and the teaching of EAP.


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How to Cite

Nausa, R. (2019). Modality and Code Glosses to Transition from Academic Written to Oral Discourses. Íkala, Revista De Lenguaje Y Cultura, 24(1), 51–67.