Spanish Adult Students’ Intention- Behaviour Toward MOOCs During the COVID-19 Pandemic


  • Maria Ángeles Escobar Alvarez National University of Distance Education
  • Julie Ciancio Westcliff University



MOOC, COVID-19, intention-behaviour, students' needs, ICT, EFL, adult students, brief-learning courses


Many Spanish students need to learn English beyond the age of 25 to be able to find a job or be further promoted. Unfortunately, those who attempt to pass a university entry-qualifications test often lack the required academic level. To help them achieve this goal, they are usually provided with learning materials and supportive digital resources. During the covid-19 pandemic, the need for online resources increased. This is why the National Distance Education University offered a massive open online course (mooc) on elementary English. The main goal of this contrastive qualitative study was twofold: First, it attempted to explore adult students’ intention-behaviour while taking the course. Secondly it delved into students’ satisfaction with this type of courses during two different years: 2017 and 2020 when the pandemic had a clear impact on distance education. For this purpose, the study used a comprehensive post-questionnaire given at the end of both courses. The data revealed a few significant differences regarding students’ satisfaction, intentions, perceptions, and interests in contexts where face-to-face-learning was not an option. These findings suggest that mooc should be considered as an alternative way to build specific content in situations of crisis.

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Author Biographies

Maria Ángeles Escobar Alvarez, National University of Distance Education

Full Professor, National University of Distance Education (UNED), Madrid, Spain.

Julie Ciancio, Westcliff University

Chief Academic Officer, Westcliff University, Irvine, CA, USA



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How to Cite

Escobar Alvarez, M. Ángeles, & Ciancio, J. (2021). Spanish Adult Students’ Intention- Behaviour Toward MOOCs During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Íkala, Revista De Lenguaje Y Cultura, 26(3), 531–551.