Factors Shaping EFL Preservice Teachers’ Identity Configuration

Keywords: practicum, teachers' identity, EFL, identity, preservice teachers


Preservice EFL teachers face many challenges when developing their practicum. Such an experience shapes their identity and influences the teaching and learning processes. This descriptive case study is about preservice teachers’ identity formation and the factors that shaped their identity configurations during a practicum course offered at a state university in Colombia. Data, collected through interviews, reflective journals, and drawing-derived metaphors were analyzed using thematic analysis. The results identified participants’ value/belief system, personality traits, context, pedagogical decisions, reflective practice, and critical incidents as influential factors in their identity formation process. The findings also revealed that identity can be constructed through the intersection between the different experiences they go through during their practicum and their past and future trajectories. The study suggests that EFL teacher education programs should take explicit pedagogical actions to incorporate the identified factors in their curriculum. This could strengthen EFL preservice teachers’ identity configurations and prepare them better for their future teaching roles.

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Author Biographies

Ximena Paola Buendía-Arias, Universidad de Sucre

Magíster en Enseñanza del Inglés, Tianjin Foreign Studies University, China. Docente de planta, Universidad de Sucre, Colombia.

Andrea André-Arenas, Universidad de Sucre

Magíster en Enseñanza del Inglés, Universidad del Norte, Colombia. Investigadora independiente, Colombia.

Nayibe del Rosario Rosado-Mendinueta, Universidad del Norte

Ph. D. en Educación, Universidad del Atlántico, Colombia. Docente tiempo completo, Universidad del Norte, Colombia.


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How to Cite
Buendía-Arias, X. P., André-Arenas, A., & Rosado-Mendinueta, N. del R. (2020). Factors Shaping EFL Preservice Teachers’ Identity Configuration. Íkala, 25(3), 583-603. https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.ikala.v25n03a02
Empirical Studies